Even fluent contact with two or several cultures convinces that distinctions between them do not have number. We and They go on the different parties, They speak other language. We have different opinions on what behavior mad, and what normal, we have different concepts of virtuous life. It is much more difficult to define the common features peculiar to all cultures, - cultural universaliya.
Values not only need justification, but also, in turn, can serve as justification. They prove norms or expectations and standards which are realized during interaction between people.
In society there is a tendency to judge other cultures from a position of superiority own. This tendency is called - as an entotsentrizm. The principles of ethnocentrism find distinct expression in activity of missionaries who seek to turn, "barbarians" into the belief. Ethnocentrism is connected with xenophobia - fear and hostility to others views and customs.
However for different cultures different types of sport, jewelry, etc. can be characteristic. Environment is one of factors, defiant these distinctions. Besides, all cultural features are caused by history of a certain society and is formed as a result of unique succession of events. Different types of cultures were evolved by different types of sport, a ban on blood marriages and languages, but the main thing - in this or that form they are available in each culture.
Nevertheless the use of non-standard English inevitably causes a problem - disapproving reaction of the majority to so-called violation of the standard rules. Teachers often consider use of a Black dialect by violation of the rules of English. Therefore Black children unfairly are exposed to criticism and punishments.
In language of inhabitants of Trobriandsky islands one word designates six various relatives: father, brother of the father, son of the sister of the father, son of the sister of mother of the father, son of the daughter of the sister of the father, son of the son of the brother of the father of the father and son of the son of the sister of the father of the father. In English even there are no the words designating four last relatives.
This distinction between two languages is explained by that inhabitants of Trobriandsky islands require the word covering all relatives whom it is accepted to treat special respect. In English and American societies there was less difficult system of related communications therefore British have no need for the words designating such distant relatives.
Though language is the mighty uniting force, at the same time it is capable and to separate people. The group using this language considers all, speaking it, the, and the people speaking other languages or dialects - strangers.